The Pros and Cons of Every Best 3D Printing Filament Material in 2020

Nowadays, the printer is the most essential element. To access the 3D printer you will need the proper 3D printing filament material. When you use the proper 3d printer filament raw material then your official work and others work will be superb. Generally, people are accustomed to 2D printers and also the material but need to learn 3D printing filament material.

What is 3D Printing Filament Material

3D printing filament material is the kind of material that is used in a 3D printer. Only the best material will make the printer best. When you search in the market you will find that the best printer needs the best printing material. The best one will depend on your work. You will get many types of filament material. You have to select the best one. The types are:

The Pros and Cons of Every Best 3D Printing Filament Material in 2020

Types Of 3D Printing Filament Material

There are many types of 3D filament material available in the market. You need to select the best material for your printer.

  • PLA
  • ABS
  • PETG
  • Nylon
  • TPU
  • Polycarbonate
  • PVA
  • HIPS
  • Polypropylene
  • PEK/PEI

Working Principle Of 3D Printing Filament Material

When you use the 3D printing filament material then you need to use proper technique.

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  • Before applying the material you need to produced by extruding small beads or streams of material that harden immediately to form layers.
  • Then need to take filament of thermoplastic or other low melting point material or mixture is fed into an extrusion nozzle head where the filament is heated to its melting temperature and extruded onto a build table. More recently, fused particle deposition has been developed, where particles or pellets of plastic replace the need to use filament.
  • After that, the nozzle head should heat the material and turns the flow on and off. Typically use the motors, which are employed to move the extrusion head and adjust the flow.
  • At last, the printing filament material will ready for the perfect 3D figure.

Pros and Cons 

PLA or polylactic acid

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When you use this as your 3D printing filament material. You will find that it is very easy to handle. This material is the most sensible. Those who are freshers can handle very smoothly. To use this material you will not require sophisticated equipment. If you’re trying out 3D printing for the first time, then this material is the best one.

Positive
  • PLA is the most environmentally friendly and sustainable material because it is made from plant-based sources.
  • It is a very Inexpensive material.
  • When you use this 3D printing filament material you will find that this material has good ventilation it does not produce fumes while printing.
Negatives
  • Poor mechanical characteristics
  • When you use PLA for a long time you will find that it is naturally degraded.

ABS or Acetonitrile Butadiene System

3D printing filament material

ABS is very popular among all the material because it is a very strong and inexpensive filament material. People hate to use this type of material because people face many difficulties while using abs filament 3d printing materials.

Positive
  • ABS is superior in toughness, for this reason, it impacts in resistance and chemical stability.
  • This 3D printing filament material is good in thermal stability.
  • Whenever it finished, finished via an acetone vapor bath.
  • ABS is very Inexpensive
Negatives

  • Highly prone to warping.
  • When you want to give off the ABS it will turn off with the toxic vapor, which is very harmful to everyone.

Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET

Those who work with the printer and the printing material they know about PET because it is very popular among all the 3D printing filament material. The material of the material is glycol-enhanced. 

Positive
  • This material is chemically stable.
  • It is also stable in heat.Good flexibility and impact resistance.
  • If you work with the PET then you will get completely clear 3D printed objects. So it has good optical properties.
Negatives
  • To finish any work with PET it is very tough.
  • This 3D printing filament material is very costly

Nylon

Nylon is a  synthetic polyamide. Nylon is used in every field such as clothes to toothbrushes, military equipment, and parachutes. 

Positive
  • Nylon is very strong and also flexible. This is the only reason nylon used for industrial purposes.
  • This 3D printing filament material can stable the heat, for this reason, it is used in FDM printing. 
Negatives
  • Nylon Prints at very high temperatures. Sometimes it can be very dangerous.
  • It can degrade under UV radiation.

TPU

TPU or Thermoplastic polyurethane is a more recent version of Thermoplastic Elastomer. This material is very soft. With this material, you can make a 3D rubber.

Positive
  • In this 3d printing filament material, you will get rubber-like flexibility.
  • TPU prints a quality of layer-to-layer adhesion that is difficult to simulate with any other filament material. 
Negatives
  • Though it is very flexible, sometimes it gets difficult to handle.
  • Poor bridging performance.
    When you start working with it.
  • You will not get smoothed or polished.

Polycarbonate

This material is repeating polycarbonate groups. This makes the material exceptionally strong. If you search in FDM printing then you will see many are made with this 3D printing filament material. 

Positive
  • This material is very much Strong, flexible, and heat-stable.
  • In this material, you will get Good optical properties
Negatives
  • If you use this material at the time of printing, then you will need a high temperature.
  • This material is strong, but its lack of flexibility makes it highly prone to abrasion. 


PVA

PVA an impractical material for actual 3D prints, but it also makes it the perfect material for support structures. 

Positive
  • PVA is colorless and odorless.
  • It can dissolve in water very fast, this is one of the unique characteristics of PVA.
  • This 3D printing filament material can be Breaks down into non-toxic compounds
Negatives
  • Compatible only with the low-temperature filament.
  • Quickly breaks down over time.
    Requires a dual extruder printer

HIPS

High-Impact Polystyrene or HIPS is the only 3D printing material which is a combination of the two best qualities of its constituent parts one i9s the toughness of polystyrene and the other one is the flexibility of polybutadiene. 

Positive
  • With this 3D printing filament material, you can print at high temperatures.
  • This material can be Dissolves in limonene.
  • This material can be used a standalone filament
Negatives
  • This material emits styrene while printing.
  • If you work with this material you will see that this material will require a dual extruder printer.

Polypropylene

People use this material in a huge way. This material is a robust material with very high chemical resistance and heat resistance.

Positive
  • Excellent strength and impact resistance.
  • Heat-resistant and chemically stable
Negatives
  • Prone to warping.
  • Extremely poor bed adhesion

PEK/ PEI

PEK/PEI is also ideal materials for 3D printing as it does not emit toxic fumes when heated.

Positive
  • Good rigidity and strength.
  • Thermally and chemically stable
Negatives
  • Requires very high printing temperatures.
  • Requires extraordinary measures against warping.
  • Limited availability and also very Expensive
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3D Printer Filament Material Uses

3D printer filament material is very useful in every field. Without this material, you will not get any 3D figures. To understand perfectly the figure is the mandatory item. In fact, 3D printing is so much more efficient for prototyping and custom part production that it has virtually taken over the commercial prototyping industry, which is very important.

Filament Storing Process

When you are using the best 3D printer then you will need the best 3D printer filament material. At a time if you buy multiple numbers of the rial then you need to store those materials in proper ways. The most important thing is those filaments material stay safe and secure. 

  • At first, you should get an air-tight container that lids to prevent humidity from getting inside. Also, try to get clear bins if you can so that you can see what filaments are inside without opening it up. It’s not necessary but it makes life a bit easier.
  • Next, put desiccant of some kind in the bin. A popular desiccant is a porous bag of rice. It will absorb the moisture naturally from its environment. So if you put a few cups of rice in a sock or shoebox and place it in the bin, it will absorb any humidity that gets inside and keep the filament dry.
  • You can also you silica beads or gel packs.

Filament buyers guideline

Buyer’s Guideline

Before buying the best 3D printing filament material you need to remember some important points. Those points are:

  • Safety Features- Safety features are the most important features. Before buying the material this point is so important. You can never be too safe when it comes to working with hot electrical equipment. This includes things like automatic nozzle cooling when a print is complete. If the printer has a heated bed, look for a feature that automatically shuts it off when a print job ends. Avoid damaging prints with excess filament by retracting the nozzle automatically when a print is either paused or complete.
  • Quality User Interface –The quality user interface is another important topic. If you get the best quality user interface then you can experience the best 3D figure. A quality interface can take your 3D printing experience from extraordinary to mind-blowing. Don’t waste time trying to navigate a menu with a rotary knob when you could be using a touchscreen interface. These aren’t limited to the expensive printers. Even the most affordable FDM printers come with a touchscreen UI.
  • Heated Bed – Once you’ve tried a heated bed, you really can’t go back. The first few layers of your prints are critical to the foundation of your final object. A heated bed ensures this foundation is well-formed, solid, and sticking in place. Finding the ideal temperature differs between filament but you can find the sweet spot by experimenting.
  • Cost- Always you will buy the best 3d printing filament material properties while buying the best product you need to keep in mind the cost of the product. When you are paying for something then pay the accurate amount. Otherwise, you will be the looser. Before buying any product always research many times. 
  • Axis Adjustability – Fine-tuning your printer often involves tightening or loosening the tension on one of the 3 main axes. Look for a 3D printer with easy access to belt tension adjustment. This will save you time otherwise spent removing components and making adjustments.
  • Filament quality- Before buying the filament material you need to know the quality of the filament. If the quality is not up to the mark then you cannot work with the filament. Always buy the best filament at a reasonable price.
 

Which 3D printing process is popular?
Extrusion is the most popular 3D printing process also known as FDM for Fused Deposition Modeling or FFF for Fused Filament Fabrication. You can try the other process but this process is the best.
What material cannot be 3D printed?
The materials which are in low temperatures such as plastics, metals, and several types of pastes. The 3D printing process is a much-heated process if you use it in plastic, then the material will be destroyed and also can be dangerous.
Is there a demand for 3D printing?
3D Printing is very demanding printing. in this process, anyone can learn a very fast way. Market to Reach USD 51.77 Billion by 2026; Rising Demand. Day by day people is using 3D printing techniques.
Is SLA faster than FDM?
Generally, people use two processes parallelly but FDM printers can be set to print faster than SLA, however print quality is a determining factor. When people need to do the fast print and also in good quality then every industry uses the FDM process. The student also use this process
What is 3D printing most commonly used for?
The 3D printing process is the best process to understand anything easily. For this reason, people use this technique in every industry, school, and office.3D printing is used to produce architectural scale models, enabling a faster turnaround of the scale model and increasing the overall speed and complexity of the objects produced. 
CONCLUSION

 3D printing filament material is the most essential product. You need to buy the best product. To use the quality printer, printing material should be good. For the best product, you need to go through the whole article carefully. So read the article and buy the best product.

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